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As part of the implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health (DPAS), WHO organized a Forum and Technical Meeting entitled “Reducing salt intake in populations”. The overall objective was to develop recommendations for Member States and other stakeholders on interventions to reduce population-wide salt intake with the long term goal of preventing chronic diseases . The French Ministry of Health and the French Food Safety Agency kindly supported both the Forum and the Technical Meeting.
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2006 896 2013-11-04 17:56:35
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In May 2004, the 57th World Health Assembly (WHA) endorsed the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health. The Strategy was developed through a wide-ranging series of consultations with all concerned stakeholders in response to a request from Member States at World Health Assembly 2002 (Resolution WHA55.23). The Strategy, together with the Resolution by which it was endorsed (WHA57.17), are contained in this document.
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2005 817 2013-11-04 17:51:35
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A Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation on Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases met in Geneva from 28 January to 1 February 2002. The meeting was opened by Dr D. Yach, Executive Director, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health, WHO, on behalf of the Directors-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization. The Consultation followed up the work of a WHO Study Group on Diet, Nutrition and Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases, which had met in 1989 to make recommendations regarding the prevention of chronic diseases and the reduction of their impact (1). The Consultation recognized that the growing epidemic of chronic disease afflicting both developed and developing countries was related to dietary and lifestyle changes and undertook the task of reviewing the considerable scientific progress that has been made in different areas. For example, there is better epidemiological evidence for determining certain risk factors, and the results of a number of new controlled clinical trials are now available. The mechanisms of the chronic disease process are clearer, and interventions have been demonstrated to reduce risk.
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2003 705 2013-11-04 17:49:03
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Although almost all Member States in the European Region have government-approved policies on nutrition and food safety, the burden of disease associated with poor nutrition continues to grow in the European Region, particularly as a result of the obesity epidemic, while foodborne diseases still represent a challenge for European health systems. Policy developments over the past few years indicate how to strategically adapt and renew the First Action Plan for Food and Nutrition Policy. This Second Action Plan establishes health, nutrition, food safety and food security goals and provides a coherent set of integrated actions, spanning different government sectors and involving public and private actors, for Member States to consider in their own national policies and health system governance and for international organizations to consider at the regional and global levels. Proposed actions include improving nutrition and food safety in early life, ensuring a safe, healthy and sustainable food supply, providing comprehensive information and education to consumers, integrating actions to address related determinants (such as physical activity, alcohol, water, environment), strengthening nutrition and food safety in the health sector, and monitoring and evaluating progress and outcomes. The WHO Regional Office for Europe commits to support the implementation of the Second Action Plan by raising awareness and promoting political commitment to address food- and nutrition-related health and health system challenges in Member States, and at the European and global levels; providing technical support for food and nutrition policy development, policy analysis and capacity building to Member States in the context of their specific health systems; monitoring the public health nutrition and food safety situation, assessing trends and reporting on implementation; and establishing synergies and integrating action within health systems governance on related public health services and strategies (such as physical activity promotion, alcohol consumption, noncommunicable and communicable disease prevention, and water safety). [...]
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2008 772 2013-11-05 10:24:48
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Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of mortality globally, accounting for more deaths than all other causes combined. An urgent development issue, NCDs strike hardest at the world’s low- and middle-income populations, where nearly 80% of NCD-related deaths occur. In order to reduce the growing burden of NCDs, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends reducing salt intake in the general population as a cost-effective strategy. Measures in this direction are considered a “best-buy” approach to preventing NCDs. Salt is a commonly used term referring specifi cally to sodium chloride (5 g salt  2 g sodium). The positive health impact of reducing an individual’s salt intake is refl ected in scientifi c evidence of a corresponding reduction in blood pressure, among other benefi ts. Accordingly, WHO recommends a population salt intake level of less than 5 g per person per day for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Salt intake in most WHO European Region countries is far above the suggested amount. The purpose of this report is to present an up-to-date view of current salt reduction initiatives in WHO European Member States by highlighting activities related to the action points of the relevant global frameworks.

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2013 0 2014-01-09 15:50:23
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FAO and WHO are planning to hold an expert consultation on fats and fatty acids in human nutrition in the last quarter of 2008. The first expert consultation on Fats and Oils in Human Nutrition was held in 1977. A second expert consultation on the subject was held in 1993, with the subsequent report of the consultation being published in 1994. There have been many developments in the field in the intervening fourteen years, and the 1994 report and recommendations need to be critically reviewed and updated where necessary. The main purpose of the expert consultation will be to review the scientific data in order to update human nutrient intake values for fats and fatty acids, and to provide internationally valid recommendations. The specific objectives of the expert consultation are to: Review the scientific evidence to determine, based on a set of agreed-upon criteria, nutrient requirements for total fat and fatty acids for different life stages (infants, children, adolescents, adults, the elderly, pregnancy and lactation). Assess the risk to adequate growth, development and maintenance of health from insufficient intake of total fat and fatty acids. Assess the risks and health effects of excessive intakes of fat and fatty acids, in particular, total fat, saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids. Assess the risks and benefits associated with particular aspects of dietary fat and provide recommendations based on a review of this body of scientific evidence.
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2010 0 2014-02-21 15:59:42
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The objective of this guideline is to provide recommendations on the consumption of potassium to reduce NCDs in adults and children. The recommendations given here can be used by those developing programmes and policies to assess current potassium intake levels relative to a benchmark. If necessary, the recommendations can also be used to develop measures to increase potassium intake, through public health interventions such as food and product labelling, consumer education, and the establishment of food-based dietary guidelines.

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2012 0 2014-07-08 17:58:44
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